Clifford the Big Red Dog Turns Fifty
NEW YORK - School kids sang "Happy Birthday" and Scholastic unfurled a huge banner worthy of a big red dog from the roof of its headquarters to fete Clifford, the beloved book and TV character, for his 50 years of nudging kids to read.
His creator, 84-year-old Norman Bridwell, took questions from a few dozen first- and second-graders during a webcast beamed live into more than 5,000 classrooms around the country from the party held outside the downtown building as tourists snapped photos from atop open-air double-decker buses stuck in traffic.
And Bridwell's real-life daughter, the all-grown-up Emily Elizabeth, spoke to reporters of her special place in publishing history as the inspiration for the perky, blond girl who shares her life - and 90 books worth of adventures - with the gawky, big-hearted Clifford.
She was just a year old when her father, a struggling artist from Indiana, and his wife, aptly named Norma, were trying to eke out a living in New York. It wasn't going well when Norma suggested he try his hand at illustrating children's books.
Norma came up with the name Clifford, based on an imaginary friend she had as a girl.
But Bridwell's 10 paintings for kids were roundly rejected. One staffer at a publisher told him if he wanted to work on children's books, he'd have to write one of his own.
His story eventually landed at Scholastic at a time the company was just starting in the trade fiction market. Clifford is now one of Scholastic's most successful endeavors, with more than 126 million copies in print in 13 languages, a TV show and a multitude of products.
"I remember my mother was visiting from Indiana," Bridwell said, lounging in a chair and munching some fruit after the festivities.
"The baby had been crying all night and this woman called from Scholastic and said we've got this book here, 'Clifford the Big Red Dog.' We'd like to publish it. I never expected it to be accepted. My wife said after the first book, 'Well, you could do more of these,' and I said, 'Don't count on it. This is just a fluke.'"
Mayor Michael Bloomberg is a fan. He declared Monday as Clifford the Big Red Dog Day, though he wasn't on hand for the party.
Bridwell, who lives on Martha's Vineyard in Massachusetts, had a simple vision when he dreamed up Clifford: He wanted to write about a dog as big as a horse. What he wound up with is a dog bigger than a house who shared some of the characteristics of kids. Clifford happens to be red because that's the color of the jar of paint Bridwell had nearby.
"I don't really understand it," he said of Clifford's enduring nature. "Whether it's his color, or if it's the fact that he's clumsy, like a lot of kids are clumsy. And a lot of kids would like to be forgiven for their mistakes, and Emily always forgives him when he makes a mistake."
Bridwell had no particular teachable moment in mind. He just wanted to entertain kids. Later, Scholastic gave Clifford "10 Big Ideas" that include matters of human and dog decency: sharing, respect, believing in oneself and helping others among them.
"I said to my editor, I think after about the second or third book, 'Maybe I should be putting messages into this.' And she said, 'Well you're not a message person. Just give them something that's fun to read."
At the time, 1962, recalled Norma, paperback children's books weren't so easy to find, and "a lot of kids couldn't have books because they were too expensive."
For her part, the 51-year-old Emily Elizabeth of Carlisle, Mass., cites Clifford as part of the reason she became a preschool teacher.
"As I got older and as I started to meet parents who really loved the books, they would express to me how much they meant to their family and how much they meant to their children. Then I started to realize it was something special."
Bridwell's granddaughter, 17-year-old Alissa, also attended the party. She thought the Clifford stories were just for her growing up.
"I didn't get that everybody else had them, too," she said. "I thought it was just this special thing between me and my grandpa."